Article by Victoria Toluwalase
Organic Architecture is an architectural movement that seeks to combine nature with design. The movement was started by a renowned American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright, in 1908. The introduction of organic architecture was an extension of Louis Sullivan’s teaching, a mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright.
Frank Lloyd Wright described the term as a form of architecture that interprets nature’s principles and manifests them in the product, creating buildings that are in harmony with the world around them.
There are numerous mind-blowing organic architecture examples over the globe, some of which are examined below:
Falling Water is a well-known architecture designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, the one who introduced organic architecture. Built in rural Pennsylvania in the 1930s, the Falling Water is also known as The Edgar J Kaufmann Sr. Residence. The building exists as a collection of horizontal and vertical forms. The horizontal form is finished in plaster with sand mixed in for texture, while the vertical elements are covered in stone.
In 2007, the American Institute of Architects (AIA) declared Fallingwater as the “best all-time work of American architecture.”
The Hagan Residence, also known as Kentuck Knob, was built by Wright in rural Stewart township. The construction of the house took three years, from 1953-1956. The house is built on a hexagon grid pattern and located atop a hill with expansive views of Pennsylvania’s mountainous landscape. The house is defined by an expansive hexagonal stone-enclosed kitchen. The Architectural style employed is Usonian. The Hagan Residence is undoubtedly an example of blending architecture with nature.
The Lotus Temple – Delhi, India
This organic architecture design was designed in India by Iranian-Canadian Architect Fariborz Sahba in 1986 to match a giant lotus flower. The building is a Bahá’í House of Worship, which welcomes all worshippers of different denominations. The floral design symbolizes beauty and grace.
The Gherkin – London, UK.
The Gherkin architecture is a new organic architecture design that was completed in the year 2003. Foster and Partners designed the stunning building. The structure was designed to look like a pickle. Even though it’s a new architecture design, it has gained widespread plaudits to become one of London’s most iconic buildings.
Antoni Gaudi designed this incredible organic architecture in Barcelona, Spain, within five years, from 1905-1910. The structure was built in the honey-comb style, and the exterior is with a rippled stone wall. Currently, the building is serving as an apartment.
Frank Lloyd Wright designed this fabulous organic design in 1936 for Stanford Professor Paul Hanna and his wife. The building is made of wood and brick.
Apart from the ones mentioned above, there are many other examples of the beautiful art of organic architecture.
Overall, organic architecture is a beautiful aspect of architecture that incorporates design into nature. There have been widespread criticisms of man’s destruction of nature. Organic architecture shows designs and nature can exist side by side.